Academic Research Papers

Schafer, W., Carroll, J.M., Haynes, S. & Abrams, S. (2008). Emergency management planning as collaborative community work. Journal of Homeland Security and Emergency Management, 5(1), Article 10, 1-17.

Schafer, W.A., Ganoe, C.H., & Carroll, J.M. (2007). Supporting Community Emergency Management Planning through a Geocollaboration Software Architecture. Computer Supported Cooperative Work: The Journal of Collaborative Computing, 16(4-5), 501-537.

Lee, R.L., Schafer, W.A., Knoche, A.J. & Carroll, J.M. (2006). The Role of Social Capital in Emergency Response. In proceedings of the Twelfth Americas Conference on Information Systems (AMCIS 2006), Acapulco, México.

Schafer, W.A. & Bowman, D.A. (2006). Supporting Distributed Spatial Collaboration: An Investigation of Navigation and Radar View Techniques. GeoInformatica, 10(2), 123-158.

Convertino, G., Ganoe, C. H., Schafer, W.A., Yost, B., & Carroll, J.M. (2005). A Multiple View Approach to Support Common Ground in Distributed and Synchronous Geo-Collaboration. In proceedings of the Third International Conference on Coordinated & Multiple Views in Exploratory Visualization (CMV 2005), London, United Kingdom, 121-132.

Schafer, W.A., Ganoe, C.H., Xiao, L., Coch, G., & Carroll, J.M. (2005). Designing the Next Generation of Distributed, Geocollaborative Tools. Cartography and Geographic Information Science, 32(2), 81-100.

Schafer, W.A. & Bowman, D.A. (2004). Evaluating the Effects of Frame of Reference on Spatial Collaboration Using Desktop Collaborative Virtual Environments. Virtual Reality, 7, 164-174.